If you are one of the many homeowners who like to go the DIY route to repair and improve your home living, then you are reading the right DIY guide. This DIY guide will help you understand how a hardwood can be refinished at home with the most basic tools that are already available at home. If these tools are not yet available at your home, it is easy to find them at home centers where you can rent them out. All you need for this DIY project is a buffer, a paint brush, vacuum, a mop, and sandpaper.
Here are the steps:
STEP 1: CLEAN YOUR FLOOR
The first thing you need to do is clean your floor. You can do this by using a hardwood cleaning product or your own mixture of white vinegar (one part) and 10 parts water. Remove all your furniture from the space you need to clean and finish. Once this is done, you can use your mop to clean the floor with the cleaning material that you have. Gently run the mop over the floor to give it a thorough cleaning. When doing this, it is advisable that you close all your windows and doors to contain the dust.
STEP 2: PREPARE THE FLOOR PERIMETER
After cleaning your hardwood floor, the next thing to do is to prepare it. This can be done by using a 180-grit sandpaper. To prepare the perimeter of your hardwood floor, use the sandpaper to hand-sand the area concerned. Do this to areas that the buffer could not reach. Hand-sand the perimeter of your hardwood floor four to six inches out the baseboard. Do this until you see some powder and until the area looks dull and white. It is not recommended that you use a sanding block as it might not sand out uneven areas.
STEP 3: SCUFF SAND THE OLD FLOOR FINISH
After the perimeter has been hand-sanded, it is time to scuff sand the entire floor. This can be done with a buffer. If you don’t have a buffer, you can rent one at any home center. To scuff sand the floor, you have to attach a buffing pad to the buffer. When doing this, make sure that you wear a dust mask to protect yourself. When scuffing, make sure that you move the buffer along the grain of the floor. Also, make sure that you are every scuff is overlapping. As you go, you will notice the old floor finish turning into white powder.
STEP 4: VACUUM
If you refinishing a wide floor area, then you should make sure that you vacuum the pad every five minutes. To do this, leave the room five minutes into the scuffing process and wait for 10 to 15 minutes to allow dust particles to settle on the floor. Use your vacuum to collect the powder produced in the scuffing process. Attach a clean filter to your vacuum to sweep the floor with. Use a felt-bottomed attachment for better coverage. Follow the strips on the floor when sweeping the powder. When all the powder has been collected, you can dry-tack the area using a microfiber cloth. Use the grain to push the microfiber cloth over the floor.
STEP 5: FINISH THE EDGES
Before applying the finish, make sure that you wear boots. Also, make sure that you are wearing a respirator mask equipped with organic vapor canister to cover your nose and mouth. Start refinishing your floor from the edges furthest from the exit. You don’t want to be trapped inside the room as you are almost finished with the process. Use a wide paint brush to do this. Brush along the baseboard and cover at least 3 inches of the floor as you go along. To avoid laps, make sure that you stop 10 minutes into the process and proceed to the next step. Lap marks will appear when the edge of the finish stripe starts to dry.
STEP 6: FINISH THE ENTIRE FLOOR WITH A ROLLER
Once you have made the necessary preparation along the edges, you can then pour an inch-wide of finish on the floor. Only pour as much as you can finish in 10 minutes. Remember, your time frame is only 10 minutes. You can spread the finish using a long-handled roller. When rolling the finish, make sure that each stripe is overlapping each other. This will help keep the edges of the stripe wet. After 10 minutes, you can go back to step number five and repeat the entire process until the entire floor is covered. Recoating should be done two to three hours after the first coat is done. Your furniture can be put back in a week after refinishing your floor.